Successful incubation and production of male sea turtle hatchlings is threatened by increased global temperatures. In their latest research, Clarke and colleagues test the efficacy of two potential nest intervention approaches in reducing nest incubation temperatures in a nesting loggerhead turtle population in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. Sea Turtles Are Vulnerable to Climate Change The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts increases in global mean … Continue reading Simple, low-cost tools can mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on incubating sea turtle clutches.
In fire-prone landscapes, appropriate fire management may help bring native mammals back from the brink of extinction. In a new paper, Shaw et al. use prescribed burning to understand how small mammal populations recover after fire, so that recovery mechanisms can be incorporated into management strategies. Fire plays a pivotal role in ecosystems around the world, influencing where species are found, their abundance in the … Continue reading Fire is a globally important driver of ecosystem composition, structure and function
In their latest research, Jarrett and colleagues report the first in‐depth investigation into avian diversity and community composition in African cocoa farms, by assembling a dataset of 9,566 individual birds caught across 83 sites over 30 years in Southern Cameroon. Cocoa, the primary ingredient in all our beloved chocolate products, is grown across the tropics using a range of agricultural practices. Originating in the understory of … Continue reading Do birds like African chocolate (farms)?
Associate Editor, Marion Valeix, introduces Journal of Applied Ecology’s April Editor’s Choice article by Wenjing Xu and colleagues, which examines the behavioural responses of two migratory ungulate species to linear barriers in Wyoming, USA. Since the dawn of civilisation, humans have used fences for protection, fortification, decoration and demarcation. The biggest and most impressive, such as the Great Wall of China, can be seen from … Continue reading Editor’s Choice 58:4 Barrier Behaviour Analysis (BaBA) reveals extensive effects of fencing on wide‐ranging ungulates
This post is also available in English (here) and Swahili (here) የአየር ንብረት ለውጥ፣ የመሬት መበላሸትና እንደ ፕሮሶፒስ ጁሊፍሎራ ያሉ ወራሪ የባዕድ ዝርያዎች በደረቅ እና ከፊል-ደረቅ አካባቢዎች ለባህላዊ የሰዎች ኑሮ ዋና አደጋዎች ናቸው።እነዚህ ምክንያቶች በአርብቶ አደር እና በከፍል-አርብቶ አደሮች ዋና ሀብት የሆነውን የእጽዋት ባዮማስን ጨምሮ በስነ-ምህዳር አገልግሎቶች ላይ አሉታዊ ተፅእኖዎች አላቸው። በዶ/ር ሬኔ ኤሽቼን እና ባልደረቦቻቸው የተደረገ ጥናት እንደሚያመለክተው ወራሪ እንጨት የሆነዉን ፕሮሶፒስ ጁሊፍሎራን በማፅዳት … Continue reading በኬንያ ባሪንጎ ካውንቲ የፕሮሶፒስ ጁሊፍሎራ መቆጣጠር የአከባቢዉን መሀበረሰብ የኑሮ ሁኔታን በከፍተኛ ማሻሻሉን ያሳያል
This post is also available in English (here) and Amharic (here). Mabadiliko ya tabia ya nchi, uharibifu wa mazingira na ueneaji wa mimea vamizi kama Mathenge (Kitaalamu Prosopis juliflora) ni tishio kubwa kwa upatikanaji endelevu wa kipato kwa jamii zinazoishi maeneo makame. Changamoto hizi pia zinaathiri mifumo ya kiikolojia katika kutoa huduma kama malisho kwa mifugo ambayo ni rasilimali muhimu kwa wafugaji na wakulima. … Continue reading Mikakati madhubuti ya kudhibiti Mathenge (Prosopis juliflora) yaonyesha mafanikio makubwa katika kuboresha maisha ya wananchi wa Kaunti ya Baringo, Kenya
This post is also available in Amharic (here) and Swahili (here). A new study by Eschen and colleagues suggests that clearing the invasive woody weed, Prosopis julifora, and subsequently restoring this land into grassland may have significant financial benefits for local stakeholders and contribute to climate change mitigation in Baringo County, Kenya. Climate change, land degradation, and invasive alien species (IAS), such as Prosopis julifora, … Continue reading Spatially explicit scenarios for management of an invasive woody weed in Baringo County, Kenya, reveal significant livelihood benefits
To address biodiversity declines within semi‐natural habitats, land management must cater for diverse taxonomic groups. Through one of the largest multi-taxa experiments yet attempted in a European grassland, Hawkes and colleagues show that interventions inspired by history and autecological knowledge enhance priority biodiversity. Conservationists have traditionally focused on the idea that ‘mimicking’ elements of history will support large numbers of species that benefit from human … Continue reading Rethinking biodiversity conservation in cultural landscapes: land management interventions informed by biodiversity audits work
In their latest research, Bird and colleagues perform a meta‐analysis to gain a clearer view of the combined effects of parasites and pesticides on honey bee health. Honey bees pollinate about a third of all crops. Without them, the production of everything from almonds to zucchinis would grind to halt, which makes it especially alarming that honey bees have being dying at increasing rates over … Continue reading When stressed by both pesticides and parasites, honey bees do better than expected
Each year Journal of Applied Ecology awards the Southwood Prize to the best paper in the journal by an author at the start of their career. Today we present the shortlisted papers for this year’s award, based on the previous (57th) volume of the journal. The winner will be selected in the coming weeks so watch this space for future announcements. This year’s shortlisted candidates are: Experimental … Continue reading Shortlist announced for Southwood Prize early career researcher award