Livestock grazing promotes ecosystem multifunctionality of a coastal salt marsh

Each year, Journal of Applied Ecology awards the Southwood Prize to the best paper in the journal by an author at the start of their career. In this post, Pei Zhang (Sichuan University) discusses her shortlisted paper which aimed to evaluate the ecological effects of livestock grazing and tidal flooding on salt marshes in the high and middle marsh zones of the Yangtze River Estuary, China. As … Continue reading Livestock grazing promotes ecosystem multifunctionality of a coastal salt marsh

Linking research and action: protecting seabirds in the face of climate change

In their latest research, Henry Hakkinen and colleagues explore how existing knowledge can be brought together in a pressure-state-response framework that connects climate change ecology, conservation evidence assessments and management. The impacts of human activities on ecosystems and natural resources across the world are well known, and now extend to nearly every ecosystem on Earth. Given the scale and severity of human-driven impacts on the … Continue reading Linking research and action: protecting seabirds in the face of climate change

Apakah upaya restorasi lahan gambut untuk mengatasi kebakaran dan kabut asap di Indonesia mempengaruhi keanekaragaman hayati dan hasil kelapa sawit di perkebunan rakyat?

Posting ini juga tersedia dalam bahasa Inggris di sini. Drainase lahan gambut untuk memungkinkan budidaya tanaman perkebunan, termasuk kelapa sawit, sebelumnya telah dikaitkan dengan bencana kebakaran dan kabut asap, yang menyebabkan kematian, penyakit, dan kerugian finansial. Dalam penelitian terbaru mereka, Warren-Thomas dan rekan mencari tahu apakah inisiatif restorasi gambut mempengaruhi hubungan timbal-balik antara keanekaragaman hayati dan hasil kelapa sawit di perkebunan rakyat. Lahan gambut tropis … Continue reading Apakah upaya restorasi lahan gambut untuk mengatasi kebakaran dan kabut asap di Indonesia mempengaruhi keanekaragaman hayati dan hasil kelapa sawit di perkebunan rakyat?

Do peatland restoration efforts to tackle fires and haze in Indonesia affect biodiversity and oil palm yields on smallholder farms?

This post is also available in Indonesian here. Drainage of peatlands in Indonesia to enable cultivation of plantation crops, including oil palm, has previously been linked to catastrophic fires and toxic haze, causing deaths, illness, and financial losses. In their latest research, Warren-Thomas and colleagues find out whether peat restoration initiatives affect trade-offs between biodiversity and oil palm yields on smallholder farms. Tropical peatlands – … Continue reading Do peatland restoration efforts to tackle fires and haze in Indonesia affect biodiversity and oil palm yields on smallholder farms?

Plant diversity ameliorates the evolutionary development of fungicide resistance in an agricultural ecosystem

Each year, Journal of Applied Ecology awards the Southwood Prize to the best paper in the journal by an author at the start of their career. In this post, Lina Yang (Minjiang University) discusses her shortlisted paper which used an experimental approach to understand how host population heterogeneity may affect the evolution of fungicide resistance in the associated pathogens. The development of fungicide resistance increases the risk of … Continue reading Plant diversity ameliorates the evolutionary development of fungicide resistance in an agricultural ecosystem

The response of sub-adult savanna trees to six successive annual fires in the Guinean savannas of West Africa.

In a six year experimental field study, N’Dri and colleagues demonstrate how burning during the annual long dry season can be managed to maintain a target density of trees, with implications for use in the other humid savannas. Fires in humid savannas are set by humans for different management purposes. In the Guinean savannas of West Africa, successive annual fires are common, with stakeholders generally … Continue reading The response of sub-adult savanna trees to six successive annual fires in the Guinean savannas of West Africa.

Hotspots of pest-induced US urban tree death: culprits, impacted tree species, and spatial hotspots

In their latest research Emma J. Hudgins, Frank H. Koch, Mark J. Ambrose, and Brian Leung, discuss the economic implications of pest-induced tree deaths in the US. Urban trees are key to the wellbeing of city dwellers but are at high risk of mortality from insect pests, due to having high rates of exposure to invasive species as enabled by trade, travel, and other human … Continue reading Hotspots of pest-induced US urban tree death: culprits, impacted tree species, and spatial hotspots

The Disproportionate Value of ‘Weeds’ to Pollinators and Biodiversity

In their latest research, Nicholas Balfour and Francis Ratnieks use multiple datasets to compare the biodiversity value of the plant species classified as ‘injurious weeds’ by the UK’s 1959 Weeds Act, with those species stipulated by DEFRA for pollinator targeted agri-environmental options. In the UK, five species of native wildflowers are classified as “injurious weeds” in the 1959 Weeds Act. Three of them are frequently … Continue reading The Disproportionate Value of ‘Weeds’ to Pollinators and Biodiversity

Not all hosts are equal: creating relevant questions for wildlife disease management

In their latest research, Will Rogers and colleagues use an age- and sex-structured simulation model to explore harvest-based management of CWD under three different transmission scenarios that all generate higher male prevalence. In many host-pathogen systems, males tend to be more diseased than females. This can be the result of many different factors such as the effects of testosterone on immune function and different social … Continue reading Not all hosts are equal: creating relevant questions for wildlife disease management

Shortlist announced for Southwood Prize early career researcher award

Each year Journal of Applied Ecology awards the Southwood Prize to the best paper in the journal by an author at the start of their career. Today we present the shortlisted papers for this year’s award, based on the previous (58th) volume of the journal. The winner will be selected in the coming weeks, so watch this space for future announcements. This year’s shortlisted candidates are: Reduced … Continue reading Shortlist announced for Southwood Prize early career researcher award